91% accuracy! Is deep learning the key to determining effective cancer treatment?

A growing problem doctors face is that the primary cell type that produces cancer is sometimes undetermined. This leaves patients with generalized treatment options and a lower survival chance. However, with the use of neural networks and DNA sequencing, there seems to be hope for identifying these primary sites and providing specialized treatment. But what aspects of the genome gives us the best clues and why might some cancer types be harder to identify?

AlphaFold: Unfolding the mystery behind proteins, the building blocks of life

For generations, biologists have aimed to understand every single process of life. The key to moving closer to this goal is to further understand the compounds that govern almost all life processes, i.e. proteins. AlphaFold, a revolutionary new AI tool holds the potential to give us the power to evaluate protein structures like never before, further breaking barriers for advancements in research as well as medicine.

Life in the sky: What shapes microbial communities in the air?

Microbes are constantly present in the air, but little is known about how these diverse communities are influenced by their environment—a topic of growing interest in the face of climate change. Scientists discovered that seasonality appeared to enhance biodiversity during the warmer months, and local urbanized landscapes contributed to less airborne diversity when compared to more vegetative locations. This data reflects a chapter in the evolution of biodiversity in airborne microbial communities, and may help us to predict the changes that could be associated with anthropogenic climate change.

Can terrestrial life cope beyond the shelter of the atmosphere?

The capabilities of the bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans to survive in the low Earth orbit without oxygen expands the possibilities of space travel. Yet, the very same capabilities bring into question the sterilization practices currently used to rid space missions of interplanetary species contamination.

It’s about sharing

This blog presents the final projects of the students of genomics at the University of Toronto Scarborough.

The Odyssey of Homer is among the oldest stories on Earth. It is a tale of challenge, of learning and of discovery. In this spirit, The Genomic Odyssey was created to explore new ways of discovering and sharing.


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